Racking Schedule

A wine may be racked 3 or 4 times after removal from the fermentation Lees.

Extend the time between rackings roughly geometrically. The objective is to give smaller particles time to hit the bottom of the container when using 10 foot tall tanks

1) First Racking, off fermentation Lees.

Fining agents, preservatives, enzymes, anything else needed, may be added to the receiving tank during or immediately after any racking

2) 2nd Racking, no less than 2 weeks or more after First Settling Period

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

3) 3rd Racking after 2 months or more (or double First Settling Period)

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

4) 4th Racking after 4 months or more (or double Second Settling Period)

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

Make any final additions to receiving Tank.

5) Coarse filter when convenient, to a clean tank after measuring pH, and adding appropriate SO2 and anything else needed. (ensures complete mixing of final additions)

6) Fine filter to bottles when convenient (days, not weeks later.)

Settling Times: After First Racking: No less than 2 weeks

2nd Period: No less than 1 month

3rd Period: No less than 2 months

4th Period: approximately 4 months (depending on the brightness or clarity of the wine this period may be reduced or eliminated)

Final filtration to bottling, usually no less than 2 days.

Time for recommended treatment: No less than 7.5 months

If omitting or shortening the Fourth Period, the time required may be approximately 3.5 months, or more. This is frequently the “Norm”, if white grape wines are to be bottled in January or February.

Red grape wines are usually given the Fourth Period racking and then barreled.

”Fruit Forward” reds would go to bottle vs barrel, and often have a shortened Fourth Period.

258 Gallon Containers

When using 258 Gallon square tanks the settling schedule required is shown below:

(For 10-foot tall tanks double the settling times.)

Fining agents, preservatives, enzymes, anything else needed, may be added to the receiving tank during or immediately after any racking

1) First Racking, off fermentation Lees.

Fining agents, preservatives, enzymes, anything else needed, may be added during or immediately after any racking

2) 2nd Racking, after First Settling Period of no less than 1 week or more

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

3) 3rd Racking after 1 month or more (or double Second Settling Period)

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

4) 4th Racking after 2 months or more (or double Third Settling Period)

Measure pH, add appropriate SO2.

Make any final additions to receiving Tank.

5) Coarse filter when convenient, to a clean tank after measuring pH, and adding appropriate SO2 and anything else needed. (ensures complete mixing of final additions)

6) Fine filter to bottles when convenient (days, not weeks later.)

Settling Times:

After First Racking: No less than 1 week.

2nd Period: No less than 1/2 month

3rd Period: No less than 1 month

4th Period: approximately 2 months (depending on the brightness or clarity of the wine this period may be reduced or eliminated)

Final filtration to bottling, usually no less than 2 days.

Total Time for recommended treatment: No less than approximately 4 months

If omitting or shortening Fourth Period: Approximately 2 Months or more

Dr. T. Cottrell, 11/17/13